Enlist 1 Lesson 2: Understanding Your Spiritual Gifts

LESSON AIM
To help learners understand the various spiritual gifts in their lives and be encouraged
to use the gifts for the benefit of the body of Christ.

LESSON OBJECTIVES
• Understand the meaning and nature of spiritual gifts
• Understand the Spiritual gifts in scripture and their lives
• Desire to utilize spiritual gifts in their lives and ministry/church

CLASS DISCUSSION
What is the difference between Spiritual gifts and talents?
Give one or two examples of each from your own life.

INTRODUCTION
The work of the kingdom of God is immense. The Great Commission covers the whole
world, everyone on earth. It was to begin from Jerusalem to utmost parts of the world.
Acts 1: 8
“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my
witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria and to the ends of the Earth.”
It is human to feel inadequate to
undertake a task like this. To do the work of God effectively, believers require supernatural endowments from the Holy Spirit.
That is why
Jesus assured his disciples that they would receive the Helper, the Holy Spirit. The Spirit
enables and equips believers to serve the Lord. One of the ways the Holy Spirit aids us
is by providing spiritual gifts

INTRODUCTION
A spiritual gift can be defined as “a divine endowment of a special ability for service
upon a member of the body of Christ.’’
C. Peter Wagner.
Spiritual gifts are not the same as the fruit
of the Spirit found in Galatians 5: 22-23. The fruit of the Spirit is what produces Christ-like character in the life of the believer, while the gifts of the Spirit are for Christian service. Spiritual gifts are also not the same as the particular offices in the church (Ephesians. 4:11-13) given for the purpose of proper running of the church.
The Nature of Spiritual Gifts

i. Spiritual Gifts are DIVINE ENABLEMENTS.

THE NATURE OF SPIRITUAL GIFTS
The church of Jesus Christ cannot be built on human wisdom, ingenuity, intelligence or abilities. It is built on divine enablement of the Holy Spirit. The gifts of the Spirit come from God. They are sovereignly bestowed and only God decides whom to give which gift.
1 Corinthians 12:4-6
“There are different kinds of gifts, but the same Spirit distributes them. 5There are
different kinds of service, but the same Lord. 6There are different kinds of working, but
in all of them and in everyone it is the same God at work.”

ii. Spiritual Gifts are DIVERSE or/of Different KINDS.
The church, the body of Christ, just like our natural bodies, is made up of various parts and therefore has various needs that serve various purposes. For the Church to operate as God intended and serve God’s purposes, it requires various kinds of spiritual gifts.
Romans 12: 4-6
“Just as each of us has one body with
many members, and these members do not all
have the same function, so in Christ we who are many from one body, and each member
belongs to all others. We have different gifts, according to the grace given us.”
1 Corinthians 12: 4-5
“There are different kinds of service, but the same Lord.”

iii. Spiritual Gifts are discretionally or SOVEREIGNLY given.
It is one and the same Spirit of God who distributes the gifts to each believer as he decides. There is no human effort required here. Since it is God who decides, we therefore cannot question Him why he gave us this gift and not the other. The gifts we have are determined by the Holy Spirit and not ourselves
1 Corinthians 12:11
“All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.”
1 Peter 4:10
“Each of you should use whatever gift you have received to serve others, as faithful stewards of God’s grace in its various forms.”

iv. Believers can have MORE THAN ONE Spiritual gift.

v. Gifts are ‘DESIGNER – MADE’ (suited to each possessor)..
The Holy Spirit gives to each person a suitable gift(s) according to his role or calling in
the body of Christ. We have unique gifts because we are all unique parts of the body
of Christ, fulfilling unique purposes.
1 Corinthians 7:7
“I wish that all men were as I am. But each man has his own gift from God; one has this gift, another has that.”
Romans 12:6-8
“We have different gifts, according to the grace given us. If a man’s gift is prophesying, let him use it in proportion to his faith. 7 If it is serving, let him serve; if it is teaching, let him teach; 8 if it is encouraging, let him encourage; if it is contributing to the needs of others, let him give generously; if it is leadership, let him govern diligently; if it is showing
mercy, let him do it cheerfully.”

IMPLICATION
God gives enough grace for proper administration of each gift that he gives us.
vi. Spiritual gifts are given for the COMMON GOOD.
The whole body of Christ is supposed to benefit from each gift that the believer has. This means we as believers are meant to be of help and blessing to others in the body
of Christ.
1 Corinthians 12:7-8
“Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good.”
1 Peter 4: 10
“Each one should use whatever gift he has received to serve others, faithfully administering God’s grace in its various forms.”
vii. Gifts must be DEPLOYED and EMPLOYED (used).
We must put effort in using the gifts that God has given us. In other words, laziness in
the use, and under utilization, of the gifts is not advised or encouraged.
1 Timothy 4:14
“Do not neglect your gift, which was given you through a prophetic message when the
body of elders laid their hands on you.“

DISCUSSION QUESTION
Can one lose the spiritual gift once already received?

1. GIFTS OF REVELATION – THE MIND GIFTS
These are spiritual gifts that are to do with the illumination of the mind of the believer.
They are to do with reasoning and decision-making.

2. Gift of WISDOM.
This is where God gives a believer supernatural ability to provide a solution to a difficult case or problem. The Holy Spirit gives a word of wisdom for a specific need
or situation. This is different from wisdom gained over time dealing with past general
challenges in life.
1 Corinthians 2: 6
“We do, however, speak of a message of wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing.”

3. The Gift of the WORD OF KNOWLEDGE.
Word of knowledge is a fragment or portion of God’s knowledge given to a person by the Holy Spirit.
Acts 9: 11-12
“The Lord told him, ‘Go to the house of Judas on Straight Street and ask for a man from
Tarsus named Saul, for he is praying. In a vision he has seen a man named Ananias come
and place his hands on him to restore his sight.’”

4. The Gift of Discerning or DISTINGUISHING between spirits.
This is a supernatural revelation or insight into the realm of spirits to differentiate between the Spirit of God and the evil spirit. By this gift we can discern the source of certain actions, teachings and/or circumstances that have been inspired by spirits other than the Spirit of God.
Acts 16:16-18
“Once when we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a slave girl who had
a spirit by which she predicted the future. She earned a great deal of money for her
owners by fortune telling. This girl followed Paul and the rest of us, shouting,
‘These men are servants of the most high God, who are telling you the way to be saved.’ She kept this up for many days. Finally Paul became so troubled that he turned around and said to the spirit, ‘In the name of Jesus Christ I command you to come out of her!’ At that
moment the spirit left her.”

2. Gifts Of Inspiration – Vocal Gifts
i. The Gift of PROPHECY.
To prophesy means “to utter inspired words” or “declare the mind of God” for the
purpose of edifying, exhorting or comforting. The purpose of this gift is either for “forth-telling” or “fore-telling”.
Acts 11: 27-28
“During this time some prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. One of them, named Agabus, stood up and through the Spirit predicted that a severe famine would spread over the entire Roman world.”

GIFTS OF INSPIRATION – VOCAL GIFTS
There exists false prophets and we must be aware of them and weigh every prophecy.
1 Corinthians 14:29
“Two or three prophets should speak, and the others should weigh carefully what is said.”
The criteria we can use for judging prophecy includes:
a. It should not contradict the written word of God.
b. It should always exalt Jesus, ( not the prophet).
c. It should edify believers (where rebuke is required it should not condemn but bring conviction).
d. It should come to pass if it has a predictive aspect of it.

ii. The Gift of Speaking in Tongues.
There are different kinds of gifts of tongues according to the word of God.
1 Corinthians 12:10-11
“To another different kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues.”
There are two aspects of this gift:
a. The “DEVOTIONAL TONGUES”
Their purpose is to edify the person using it. When you speak in tongues you are building yourself up and declaring the wonders of God. This is what we call praying in the spirit. Your mind does not understand, but your spirit does. You get refreshed and the Spirit of God can also lead you to intercede in tongues for other people.
1 Corinthians 14:2-3
“For anyone who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God. Indeed, no one understands him; he utters mysteries with his spirit.”

b. The Gift OF INTERPRETING TONGUES.
This is simply supernatural ability to interpret in the native tongue what is uttered in
other languages not known by the one who interprets by the help of the Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 14:13-15
“For this reason anyone who speaks in a tongue should pray that he may interpret what he says. For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. So what shall I do? I will pray with my spirit, but I will also pray with my mind; I will sing with the spirit, but I will also sing with the mind.“

3. Power – Working Gifts
These are gifts that are exercised through doing
something practical.

3. Power – Working Gifts
These are gifts that are exercised through doing
something practical.
i. The Gift of Faith.
This is supernatural ability to believe God without human doubt, unbelief, and reasoning. This is special endowment given to someone God is calling upon to take impossible actions. It’s faith bestowed by the Holy Spirit to meet our need in specific situations.

Power – Working Gifts
For example:
a. Joshua commanded the sun and the moon to stand still (Joshua 10:12-14).
b. Elijah controlled the weather by his Word. “There shall be no rain for three years
except by my word (1 Kings 17:1).
c. Paul silenced Elymas the sorcerer who opposed his ministry.
Acts 13:8-11
“But Elymas the sorcerer (for that is what his name means) opposed them and tried to turn the proconsul from the faith. 9 Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said, 10 ‘You are a child of the devil and an enemy of everything that is right! You are full of all kinds of deceit and trickery. Will you never stop perverting the right ways of the Lord? 11 Now the hand of the Lord is against you. You are going to be blind, and for a time you will be unable to see the light of the sun.’ Immediately mist and darkness came over him, and he groped about, seeking someone to lead him by the hand.”
1 Corinthians 14:13-15
“For this reason anyone who speaks in a tongue should pray that he may interpret what
he says. For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. So what shall
I do? I will pray with my spirit, but I will also pray with my mind; I will sing with the spirit,
but I will also sing with the mind.“

ii. The Gifts of Healing.
This is supernatural power to heal any kind of sickness and diseases without human aid or medicine. The Gift of healing operates supernaturally to heal diseases and infirmities without natural means.
The exercise of the Gift of Healing does not give the gifted an ability to heal all the sick all the time.
Acts: 3: 6-10
“Then Peter said, ‘Silver or gold I do not have, but what I do have I give you. In the name
of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk.’ 7Taking him by the right hand, he helped him up, and
instantly the man’s feet and ankles became strong. 8He jumped to his feet and began to
walk. Then he went with them into the temple courts, walking and jumping, and praising
God.
9 When all the people saw him walking and praising God, 10 they recognized him as
the same man who used to sit begging at the temple gate called Beautiful, and they were
filled with wonder and amazement at what had happened to him.”

iii. The Gift of WORKING MIRACLES.
The gift of working of miracles comes when God endues one with power by
the Holy Spirit to do something completely outside of nature and human ability.
He gives this Gift at a specific time and for a specific special purpose.
Prophets Elijah and Elisha did many miracles through God’s power.
1 Kings 18: 38-39
“Then the fire of the Lord fell and burned up the sacrifice, the wood, the stones and the
soil, and also licked up the water in the trench.”
2 Kings 6:6-7
“The man of God asked, ‘Where did it fall?’ When he showed him the place, Elisha cut
a stick and threw it there, and made the iron float. ‘Lift it out,’ he said. Then the man
reached out his hand and took it.”

Service Or Ministering Gifts
These are gifts that are used in ministering to or serving other people in the body of
Christ.

i. The Gift of ADMINISTRATION.
This is that special ability to manage human, financial and physical resources in an excellent manner. The gift of administration works through planning, organizing, leading, and supervising. Joseph, using the Gift of administration, was able to plan to have enough food stored and distributed during the time of famine.
ii. The Gift of EXHORTATION or Encouragement
Exhortation means to “call alongside.” It involves encouraging, comforting, and admonishing people.
Barnabas, “Son of Encouragement,” had a gift of encouragement. practical aspect of a preaching or teaching ministry.

iii. The Gift of GIVING.
A believer with the gift of giving has the capacity to consistently give of his/her substance to the work of the Lord or to the people of God. He/she gives consistently, liberally, sacrificially and with such wisdom and cheerfulness that others are encouraged and blessed.
Barnabas perhaps had the gift of giving.
Acts 4:36-37
“Joseph, a Levite from Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas (which means “son of encouragement”), 37 sold a field he owned and brought the money and put it at the apostles’ feet.”
iv. The Gift of LEADERSHIP.
The gift of Leadership is the special ability that God gives a believer to enable him/ her motivate, direct and inspire His people to serve effectively. The leader provides incentive to get a task completed or a dream fulfilled. Though closely related, the gifts of leadership and of administration are different.
Romans 12: 8
“If it is encouraging, let him encourage; if it is contributing to the needs of others let him
give generously; if it is leadership, let him govern diligently; if it is showing mercy, let him
do it cheerfully.”

v. The Gift of HELPING.
The gift of helping is having special ability to serve faithfully behind the scenes, in practical ways, to assist in the work of the Lord, encourage, and strengthen others spiritually. An example of help or service is Stephanas who opened his home in hospitality and worship.
1 Corinthians 16:15-18
“You know that the household of Stephanas were the first converts in Achaia, and they have devoted themselves to the service of the Lord’s people. I urge you, brothers and sisters, 16 to submit to such people and to everyone who joins in the work and labors at it.
17 I was glad when Stephanas, Fortunatus and Achaicus arrived, because they have supplied what was lacking from you. 18 For they refreshed my spirit and yours also. Such men deserve recognition.”

vi The Gift of Showing MERCY.
The gift of mercy is the spiritual ability to see needs of all kinds and be internally and externally moved to compassionate action. Mercy means to feel sympathy with the misery of another, to show kindness or concern for someone in need, to take pity.
Matthew 15: 32
“Jesus called his disciples to him and said, ‘I have compassion for these people; they have already been with me three days and have nothing to eat. I do not want to send them away hungry, or they may collapse on the way.'”

The Gift of EVANGELISM.
This is the special ability to lead unsaved people to the knowledge of Christ. The
evangelist has a passion for souls, a clear understanding of the Gospel, and a tendency
to be almost confrontational in approaching people because of the urgency of the task.
This is the special ability to lead unsaved people to the knowledge of Christ. The
evangelist has a passion for souls, a clear understanding of the Gospel, and a tendency
to be almost confrontational in approaching people because of the urgency of the task.

CLASS DISCUSSION
Can a believer be living in unconfessed sin and still exercise his/her spiritual gift?

CONCLUSION
Spiritual Gifts are all given by the Holy Spirit for the benefit of other believers rather than for the individual to whom the Gift has been given. They are given for the common good or edification of the body of Christ.